An International Publications House

Albert Science International Organization

Connecting People With Pioneering Thought

Albert Science International Organization (ASIO) is international , peer-reviewed , open access , cum print version & online journals.
JOURNALS || ASIO Journal of Medical & Health Sciences Research (ASIO-JMHSR)

Author Names : Sunday E. Bassey
Page No. : 07-18  volume 2 issue 1
Article Overview


Mosquito transmits vector-borne disease such as malaria, filariasis, yellow fever, dengue fever, encephalitis especially in the tropical countries. In Nigeria, malaria is transmitted by female Anopheles mosquitoes. Others such as Aedes aegypti transmits chikungunya, yellow and dengue fevers; and Culex quinquefasciatus transmits lymphatic filariasis. Synthetic chemicals currently used for the control of mosquito at various developmental changes have adverse effect on the environment and non-target organisms. As such, research has focused on the use of plant extracts using different solvent. Several plants found in Nigeria have exhibited activities toward the various developmental stages of the mosquito. Therefore, research should focus on field trials against specific species of mosquitoes to determine the actual toxicity level for each species.

Keywords: Medicinal plants, Mosquito, Nigeria, Parasites


[1]      M.A. Alayo, M.W. Femi-Oyewo, L.G. Bakre and A.O. Fashina, Larvicidal potential and mosquito repellent activity of Cassia mimosoides extract. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Med. Public Health, 2015, 46(4), 596 – 601.

[2]          E.O. Ndiok, E.I. Ohimain and  S.C. Izah, Incidence of Malaria in Type 2 Diabetic patients and the effect on the liver: a case study of Bayelsa state. Journal of Mosquito Research, 2016, 6(15), 1-8.

[3]          N. Ivoke, F.C. Okafor and L.O. Owoicho, Evaluation of ovicidal and larvicidal effects of leaf extracts of Hyptis suaveolens (l) poit (lamiaceae) against Anopheles gambiae (diptera: anophelidae) complex. Animal Research International, 2009, 6(3), 1072 – 1076.

[4]          M. Sakthivadivel, P. Gunasekaran, M. Sivakumar, S. Arivoli, R. Raveen and S. Tennyson, Mosquito larvicidal activity of Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit (Lamiaceae) aerial extracts against the filarial vector Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera: Culicidae). Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies, 2015, 3(4): 1-5.

[5]          Richa, D.K. Chaturvedi and S. Prakash, The consciousness in mosquitoes, Journal of Mosquito Research, 2016, 6(34), 1-9.

[6]          S. Dash, R.K. Hazra and S.S. Bisht, Investigation on the Mosquito Fauna of Shoreline Habitats of Orissa Coast, India. Journal of Mosquito Research, 2014, 4(20), 1-5.

[7]          S. Mallick, K. Bhattacharya and G. Chandra, Mosquito larvicidal potentiality of wild turmeric, Curcuma aromatic rhizome, extracts against Japanese Encephalitis vector Culex vishnui group. Journal of Mosquito Research, 20.14, 4(19), 1-6.

[8]          R.O. Akinkurolere, C.O. Adedire, O.O. Odeyemi, J. Raji and J.A. Owoeye, Bioefficacy of Extracts of some Indigenous Nigerian Plants on the developmental stagesof mosquito (Anopheles gambiae), Jordan Journal of Biological Sciences, 2011, 4, 237-242.

[9]          S.E. Bassey and I.L. Nwakaku, Prevalence of Malaria Parasitemia among Children between 1 - 10 Years Old Attending Federal Medical Centre, Yenagoa, Bayelsa State, Nigeria. EC Pharmacology and Toxicology, 2017, 3(2), 43-48.

[10]        P.M. Nmadu, E. Peter, P. Alexander, A.Z. Koggie and J.I. Maikenti, The Prevalence of Malaria in Children between the Ages 2-15 Visiting Gwarinpa General Hospital Life-Camp, Abuja, Nigeria. Journal of Health Science, 2015, 5(3), 47-51.

[11]        J.A. Owoeye, O.B. Akawa, J.O. Akinneye, S.O. Oladipupo and O.E. Akomolede, Toxicity of Three Tropical Plants to Mosquito Larvae, Pupae and Adults. Journal of Mosquito Research, 2016, 6(16), 1-7.

[12]        A.M. Hamza, E.A.E. Rayah and S.M.A. Abukashawa, Molecular Characterization of Mosquitoes of Anopheles gambiae Species Complex (Diptera: Culicidae) from Sudan and Republic of Southern Sudan. Journal of Mosquito Research, 2014, 4(13), 1-10.

[13]        K. Bhattacharya, S. Burman, S. Nandi, P. Roy, D. Chatterjee and G. Chandra, Phytochemical extractions from the leaves of Ravenala adagasariensis from Sundarban area and its effect on southern house mosquito (Culex quinquefasciatus Say 1823) larvae. Journal of Mosquito Research, 2014, 4(12), 1-6.

[14]        A.C. Adebajo, F.G. Famuyiwa and F.A. Aliyu, Properties for Sourcing Nigerian Larvicidal Plants. Molecules, 2014, 19, 8363-8372.

[15]        Y. Lame, E.N. Nukenine, D.Y.S. Pierre, A.E. Elijah and C.O. Esimone, Laboratory Evaluations of the Fractions Efficacy of Annona senegalensis (Annonaceae) Leaf Extract on Immature Stage Development of Malarial and Filarial Mosquito Vectors. J Arthropod-Borne Dis, 2015, 9(2), 226–237.

[16]        S.B. Ogundeyi, O.A. Idowu, J.K. Fadairo and A.O. Daniels, Prevalence of Malaria Amongst Children 0 - 4 Years in Olugbo, Odeda Local Government, Ogun State, Nigeria. Journal of Mosquito Research, 2015, 5(16), 1-4.

[17]        J. Subramaniam, K. Kovendan,  P.M. Kumar, K. Murugan and W. Walton, Mosquito larvicidal activity of Aloe vera (Family: Liliaceae) leaf extract and Bacillus sphaericus, against Chikungunya vector, Aedes aegypti. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, (2012) 19, 503–509.

[18]        J.O. Akinneye and O.J. Afolabi, Toxicity and fumigant effect of powder and oil extracts of cleisthopholis patens (benth) againstlarvae and adults anopheles mosquito. Journal of Mosquito Research, 2014, 4(11): 1-6.

[19]        C.O. Aju-Ameh, S.T. Awolola, G.S. Mwansat and H.B. Mafuyai, Malaria transmission indices of two dominant anopheles species in selected rural and urban communities in Benue state North Central, Nigeria. International Journal of Mosquito Research, 2016, 3(4), 31-35.

[20]        Nigeria Malaria Fact Sheet (2011). Accessed Jnauary 12, 2017.

[21]        P. Malathi and S.R. Vasugi, Evaluation of mosquito larvicidal effect of Carica Papaya against Aedes Aegypti. International Journal of Mosquito Research, 2015, 2(3), 21-24.

[22]        A.A. El Maghrbi, In vitro effects of some plant extracts on the development of Culex quinquefasciatus in the laboratory, Journal of Mosquito Research, 2016, 6(36), 1-7.

[23]        O.J. Afolabi, Efficacy of Occimum grattissimum on adult Anopheles gambiae. Journal of Mosquito Research, 2016, 6(9), 1-6.

[24]        V. Raja, K.J. Ravindran, A. Eapen and S.J. William, Laboratory evaluation of crude leaf extracts of Cassia occidentalis Linneaus (Caesalpinaceae) as an oviposition determinant and ovicide against vector mosquitoes Anopheles stephensi Liston, Culex quinquefasciatus say and Aedes aegypti Linneaus (Diptera: Culicidae). Journal of Mosquito Research,2016,  6(33), 1-11.

[25]        J.O. Adebayo and A.U. Krettli, Potential antimalarials from Nigerian plants: A review. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2011, 133,  289–302.

[26]        L.K. Brahman and R. Chandra, Effect of environmental attributes and mosquito larvae on growth parameter of larvicidal fish, Rasbora daniconius. International Journal of Mosquito Research, 2016, 3(4), 53-57.

[27]        C. Kamaraj, A. Abdul Rahuman, A. Bagavan, G. Elango, A.A. Zahir and T. Santhoshkumar, Larvicidal and repellent activity of medicinal plant extracts from EasternGhats of South India against malaria and filariasis vectors. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine, 2011, 698-705.

[28]        R. Borah, M.C. Kalita, A. Kar and A.K. Talukdar, Larvicidal efficacy of Toddalia asiatica (Linn.) Lam against two mosquito vectors Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus, African Journal of Biotechnology, 2010, 9(16), 2527-2530.

[29]        K. Bhattacharya, I. Chandra, P. Kundu, S. Ray, D. Halder and G. Chandra, Larval control of Culex vishnui group through bio-active fraction of traveller’s tree, Ravenala madagascariensis Sonn. (Strelitziaceae). Journal of Mosquito Research, 2014, 4(15), 1-6.

[30]        A. Mukherjee, D. Chatterjee, S. Patra, B. Mandal and A. Ghosh, Differences in community perceptions on mosquito borne diseases between rural and urban localitities of Bankura District, West Bengal, India, Journal of Mosquito Research, 2015, 5(1), 1-5.

[31]        A. Ghosh, N. Chowdhury and G, Plant extract as potential mosquito larvicide, Indian Journal of Medical Research, 2012, 135(5), 581-598.

[32]        J.K. Pal, A. Singh, A. Rawani and G. Chandra, Larvicidal activity of Tinospora crispa (Menispermaceae) fruit extract against filarial vector Culex quinquefasciatus. Journal of Mosquito Research, 2016, 6(35), 1-8.

[33]        A. Bagavan and A. Abdul Rahuman, Evaluation of larvicidal activity of medicinal plant extracts against three mosquito vectors. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine, 2011, 4(1):29-34.

[34]        E.A. Keziah, E.N. Nukenine, S.P. Yinyang Danga and C.O. Esimone, Larvicidal effect of Lantana camara and Ocimum gratissimum leaves extracts and their isolates against Aedes aegypti Larvae (Diptera: Culicidae), Journal of Mosquito Research, 6(23), 1-10.

[35]        N.D. Becker, M. Zgomba, C. Boase, C. Dahl, J. Lane and A. Kaiser, Mosquitoes and their control New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, 2003.

[36]        R.N. Okigbo, J.J. Okeke and N.C.  Madu, Larvicidal effects of Azadirachta indica, Ocimum gratissimum and Hyptis suaveolens against mosquito larvae. Journal of Agricultural Technology, 2010, 6(4), 703-719.

[37]        S.V. Meenakshi and K. Jayaprakash, Mosquito larvicidal efficacy of leaf extract from mangrove plant Rhizophora mucronata (Family: Rhizophoraceae) against Anopheles and Aedes species. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 2014, 3 (1), 78-83.

[38]        K. Bhattacharya and G. Chandra, Bioactivity of Acyranthes aspera (Amaranthaceae) Foliage against the Japanese Encephalitis Vector Culex vishnui Group, Journal of Mosquito Research, 2013, 3(13), 89-96.

[39]        A. Egunyomi, I.T. Gbadamosi and K.O. Osiname, Comparative effectiveness of ethnobotanical mosquito repellents used in Ibadan, Nigeria. Journal of Applied Biosciences, 2010, 36, 2383- 2388.

[40]        N. Kishore, B.B. Mishra and V.K. Tiwari, Natural products as leads to potential mosquitocides, Phytochemistry Reviews, 2014, 13, 587-627.

[41]        K. Sukumar, M.J. Perich and L.R. Boobar, Botanical derivatives in mosquito control: a review, Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 1991, 7(2), 210-237.

[42]        N.L. Edwin-Wosu, S.N. Okiwelu and M.A.E. Noutcha, Traditional sources of mosquito repellents in southeast Nigeria. J. Biopest., 2013, 6(2),104-107.

[43]        M.E. Ojewumi and R.U. Owolabi, The effectiveness of the extract of ‘Hyptis sauveolens’ leave (a specie of effinrin) in repelling mosquito. Transnational Journal of Science and Technology, 2012, 2(8), 79 – 87.

[44]        A.B. Ayange-Kaa, T.J. Hemen and N. Onyezili, The Effect of Dried Leaves Extract of Hyptis suaveolens on Various Stages of Mosquito Development in Benue State, Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences, 2015, 10(6), 28-32.

[45]        P.G. Rwang, O.E. Effoim, K.P. Mercy and A.M. Etokakpan, Effects of Psidium guajava (Guava) Extracts on Immature Stage of Mosquito. Int J Complement Alt Med., 2016, 4(5): 00132. DOI: 10.15406/ijcam.2016.04.00132

[46]        K.D. Ileke and O.C. Ogungbite, Alstonia boonei De Wild oil extract in the management of mosquito (Anopheles gambiae), a vector of malaria disease. Journal of Coastal Life Medicine, 2015 3(7), 557-563.

[47]        I.G. Kalu, U. Ofoegbu, J. Eroegbusi, C.U. Nwachukwu and B. Ibeh, Larvicidal activities of ethanol extract of Allium sativum (garlic bulb) against the filarial vector, Culex quinquefasciatus. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 2010, 4(6), 496-498.

[48]        T.C.N. Angaye, E.I. Ohimain, E.P. Siasia, P.I. Asaigbe and O.A. Finomo, Larvicidal activities of the leaves of Niger Delta mangrove plants against Anopheles gambiae. Sky Journal of Microbiology Research, 2015, 2(7), 045 – 050.

[49]        T.C.N. Angaye, E.I. Ohimain, D.V. Zige, B. Didi and N. Biobelemoye, Biocidal activities of Solvent Extracts of Azadirachta indica against Some Endemic Tropical Vector-borne Diseases. International Journal of Tropical Disease & Health, 2014, 4(11), 1198-1208.

[50]        I.C. Mgbemena, Comparative Evaluation of Larvicidal Potentials of Three Plant Extracts on Aedes aegypti. Journal of American Science,  2010, 6(10), 435-440.

[51]        J.I. Nganjiwa, M.S. Pukuma, J. Philimon and T.M. Ekundayo, Evaluation of Larvicidal Properties of Leaves and Root Ethanolic Extracts ofSome Plants Herbs against Fourth Instar Mosquito Larvae. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 2015, 5(3), 1 -7.

[52]        A.R. Jose and A.M. Adesina, Larvicidal Efficacy of Cola gigantea, Malacantha alnifolia and Croton zambesicus Extracts as Phytoinsecticides Against Malaria Vector Anopheles stephensi (Diptera: culicidae), Journal of Mosquito Research, 2015, 5(5), 1-5.

[53]        E.O. Ajaiyeoba, W. Sama, E.E. Essien, J.O.  Olayemi, O. Ekundayo, T.M. Walker and W.N. Setzer, Larvicidal Activity of Turmerone-Rich Essential Oils of Curcuma longa. Leaf and Rhizome from Nigeria on Anopheles gambiae. Pharmaceutical Biology, 2008, 46(4), 279-282.

[54]        I. Suleiman, A.B. Jibia, J. Sanusi, J.Y. Runka and M. Nasiru, Phytotoxic Potentials of some Plants Extracts Against Southern House Mosquito (Culex quinquefasciatus SAY). International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research, 2014, 18(2), 268-281.

[55]        H.C. Nzelibe and D.G.W. Chintem, Larvicidal Potential of Leaf Extracts and Purified Fraction Ocimum Gratissimum against Culex Quinquefasciatus Mosquito Larva. International Journal of Science and Research, 2015, 4(2), 2254 – 2258.

[56]        F.S. Adefolalu, E.O. Ogbadoyi, I.S. Ndams and A. Mann, A. Larvicidal Activities of N-Hexane Fraction of Ocimum gratissimum Leaf against Mosquito Larvae and Its GC-Ms Analysis of Phytoconstituents. Journal of Applied Life Sciences International, 2015, 2(4), 175-188.

[57]        E.I. Ohimain, T.C.N. Angaye and J.F. Bamidele, Larvicidal Activities of Hyptis suaveolens and Ocimum sanctum against Anopheles gambiae. Journal of Applied Life Sciences International, 2015, 3(3), 131-137.

[58]        I.A. Simon-Oke, O.J. Afolabi and O.T. Ajayi, Larvicidal activity of a perennial herb, Solanum xanthocarpum against the larvae of culicine species. FUTA Journal of Research in Sciences, 2015, (1), 152-156.

[59]        E.A. Eze, S.P.Y. Danga and F.B.C. Okoye, Larvicidal activity of the leaf extracts of Spondias mombin Linn. (Anacardiaceae) from various solvents against malarial, dengue and filarial vector mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae). J Vector Borne Dis., 2014, 51: 300–306.