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JOURNALS || ASIO Journal of Experimental Pharmacology & Clinical Research (ASIO-JEPCR) [ISSN: 2455-7080]
THE ROLE OF SEROTONERGIC SYSTEM AND FUTURE NEEDS FOR THE TREATMENT OF ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE

Author Names : Prashant Gupta
Page No. : 01-10  volume 2 issue 1
Article Overview

ARTICLE DESCRIPTION: 

Prashant Gupta, Pratap Singh Jadon, Rishi Raj Shrivastava and Manoj Sharma, The Role of Serotonergic System and Future Needs for The Treatment of Alzheimer’s Disease, ASIO Journal of Experimental Pharmacology & Clinical Research (ASIO-JEPCR), 2016, 2(1): 01-10.

ARTICLE TYPE: REVIEW

dids no.: 03.2016-35559215 

dids Link:   http://dids.info/didslink/06.2016-33158125/


ABSTRACT:

Alzheimer’s disease is progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized by loss of cholinergic neurons in brain amygdala followed by loss of memory. The main pathological features of Alzheimer disease are senile plaques (mainly containing β-amyloid peptide derived from amyloid precursor protein) and neurofibrillary tangles (containing hyper phosphorylated tau protein), along with neuronal loss. The present review aims at the study of role of serotonin and the effect of expression of various serotonergic receptors on memory function. Serotonin receptor sub-types that occur in brain regions and are capable of playing a role in learning and memory include the 5-HT1, 5-HT2, 5-HT3, 5-HT4, 5-HT6, and 5­-HT7 class of receptors but the effect is varying depending upon the different receptors. Expression of serotonergic function through 5-HT1A and 5-HT1D receptors have facilitatory effect on memory, while through 5-HT-1B receptors affects the memory adversely. Similarly 5-HT2 and 5-HT3 have impairing effect on memory while 5-HT4, 5-HT6 and 5-HT7 enhance memory. Further the roles of some oxidative parameters are also discussed. Antioxidants used at the early stage may prove beneficial in the management of Alzheimer’s disease.

Key Words: Alzheimer’s disease, Serotonin, 5-HT, Memory and Serotonin, Oxidative Damage

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