- https://www.cartercenter.org/resources/pdfs/news/peace_publications/conflict_resolution/Solving_Te rritorial_Conflicts.pdf
- Approaches to Solving Territorial Conflicts ,Sources, Situations, Scenarios, and Suggestions May 2010, The Carter Center , One Copenhill, 453 Freedom Parkway, Atlanta, GA 30307, www.cartercenter.org
- John Vazquez and Marie TH. Territorial Disputes and the Probability of War, 1816–1992, Journal of Peace Research, 2001, 38 (2): 123.
- Paul RH. Contentious Issues and World Politics: The Management of Territorial Claims in the Americas, 1816–1992, International Studies Quarterly, 2001, 45 (1): 100–101.
- Paul KH. Enduring Rivalries and Territorial Disputes, 1950–1990, Conflict Management and Peace Science, 1996, 15 (1): 28.
- Beth AS. Capacity, Commitment, and Compliance, Journal of Conflict Resolution, 2002, 46 (6): 839–840, 843–844.
- David Mares. Boundary Disputes in the Western Hemisphere: Analyzing Their Relationship to Democratic Stability, Economic Integration, and Social Welfare, Pensamiento propio, 2001: 31–59.
- The classic sources on the history of territorial conflicts in the region are Gordon Ireland’s Boundaries, Possessions, and Conflicts in South America (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1938) and Boundaries, Possessions, and Conflicts in Central and North America and the C a r i b b e a n (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1941).
- Preston James, Latin America, 3d ed., New York: Odyssey Press, 1959.
- At the First International Conference of American States, held in Washington D.C. in 1889–90, a comprehensive Plan of Arbitration was elaborated but not ratified. Wide-scale acceptance of arbitration came at the Hague Peace Conference of 1899.
- Gabriel Marcella, War and Peace in the Amazon: Strategic Implications for the United States and Latin America of the 1995 Ecuador-Peru War (Carlisle, Pa.: Strategic Studies Institute, November 24, 1995).
- In Peru, for example, some voices warned about the Guarantors’ pressuring Peru into making territorial concessions it should not make in the name of reaching agreement. S i (Lima) in FBIS Daily Report/Latin America, April 27, 1997.