Tamal Maity, Sounik Banerjee, Amlan Bishal, Rupajit Bhattacharjee, Satya Prasanna Das, Moumita Maji, An Overview of Antioxidant: Classifications, Therapeutic Effect & Its Applications, ASIO Journal of Experimental Pharmacology & Clinical Research (ASIO-JEPCR), 2016, 1(1): 27-34.
ARTICLE TYPE: REVIEW
dids no.: 03.2016-35559215,
dids Link: http://dids.info/didslink/03.2016-67718634/
Antioxidants are substances that are able to neutralize reactive molecules and reduce oxidative damage like Vitamin C, Vitamin E, beta-carotene, Vitamin A, selenium, iron, zinc, copper and manganese. Oxidation reactions are very important for life, they can also be detrimental; hence, plants & animals maintain complex systems of multiple types of antioxidants, such as Glutathione, Vitamin C & Vitamin E and enzymes like Super oxide dismutase, Catalase and various Peroxidases. Minor levels of antioxidants, or inhibition of antioxidant enzymes, causes oxidative stress and also may damage or kill the cells. L-ascorbate, Beta-carbonate, Alpha-tocopherol may stop skin diseases linked to sun exposure like sunburn, photo immuno-supression photo ageing, photo-carcinogenesis. Vitamin C, Methionine and Selenium act as safe & proficient medical substitute to surgery for painful chronic pancreatitis. A recently developed technique for measuring free radical production shows promise in producing more valid results. The technique uses monoclonal antibodies and may confirm to be the most accurate measurement of free-radicals. Antioxidants can repair endothelial function and decrease blood pressure in severe models of hypertension. Probucol, a lipid-lowering agent, has also antioxidant activity. The main goal of this review is to search various important of antioxidants and their health benefits in the field of health care system.
Keywords: Oxidation, Anti oxidants, Classifications, Applications
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