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JOURNALS || ASIO Journal of Experimental Pharmacology & Clinical Research (ASIO-JEPCR) [ISSN: 2455-7080]
AN OVERVIEW OF TUBERCULOSIS MANAGEMENT: MECHANISM AND THERAPEUTIC APPLICATIONS

Author Names : Nidhi Singh
Page No. : 01-07  volume 1 issue 1
Article Overview

ARTICLE DESCRIPTION: 

Nidhi SinghAn Overview of Tuberculosis Management: Mechanism and Therapeutic Applications, ASIO Journal of Experimental Pharmacology & Clinical Research (ASIO-JEPCR), 2016, 1(1): 01-07.

ARTICLE TYPE: RESEARCH

dids no.: 03.2016-35559215,

dids Link:  http://dids.info/didslink/03.2016-24581951/


ABSTRACT:

Tuberculosis infections have exceptional virulence factors compared to other pathogens and they infect host cell and persist inside phagosomes. First symptoms of active pulmonary TB can include weight loss, night sweats, fever, and loss of appetite etc. The infection can either go into remission or become more serious with onset of chest pain and coughing up bloody sputum. The exact symptoms of extra-pulmonary TB vary according to the site of infection in the body. The Mantoux tuberculin skin test, also called as the PPD (purified protein derivative) test, is primarily used to identify TB infection. According to their clinical utility the anti-TB drugs can be divided into, two categories; one is first line, these drugs have high anti-tubercular efficiency as well as low toxicity; are used routinely, as for examples- Rifampin (R), Isoniazid (H), Streptomycin (S), Pyrazinamide (Z), Ethambutol (E) and another is second line, these drugs have either low anti-tubercular efficacy or high toxicity or both; are used in special circumstances only. There are six classes of second-line drugs likes amino glycosides, fluoro quinolones, polypeptides, thioamides, cycloserine, p-amino salicylic acid. Another group of scientists found that a newly identified protein with carboxy-esterase activity is required for the virulence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Preliminary treatment for tuberculosis involved eats nourishing food and have plenty of fresh air.

Keywords: TB, Mantoux, symptoms, anti-TB drugs, Mechanism of Actions.

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