An International Publications House

Albert Science International Organization

Connecting People With Pioneering Thought

Albert Science International Organization (ASIO) is international , peer-reviewed , open access , cum print version & online journals.
JOURNALS || ASIO Journal of Microbiology, Food Science & Biotechnological Innovations (ASIO-JMFSBI) [ISSN: 2455-3751]
BACTERIOLOGICAL QUALITY OF WATER FROM RIVER NUN AT AMASSOMA AXISES, NIGER DELTA, NIGERIA

Author Names : Enetimi I. Seiyaboh
Page No. : 22-26  volume 3 issue 1
Article Overview

Abstract

This study investigated the bacteriological quality of river nun at Amassoma section, Bayelsa state. Nine water samples were obtained from three location (upstream, midstream and downstream) i.e. three from each location. Standard bacteriological procedures were employed for the analysis. Results showed that Total heterotrophic bacteria, total coliform, fecal coliform and Salmonella-Shigella counts ranged from 1.78 to 9.30 x 106 cfu/ml, 23.00 – 28.00 MPN/100ml, 13.67 to 18.33 MPN/100ml and 0.00 – 3.23 x 102 cfu/ml respectively. Analysis of variance showed that there were no significance differences (P>0.05) among the various location beside total heterotrophic bacteria that showed significance difference (P<0.05). The bacteria population exceeded World Health Organization/Food and Agricultural Organization allowable limit of 1.0 x 102 cfu/ml for potable water and Standard Organization of Nigeria maximum permissible level of 10cfu/ml for total coliform. The bacteria tentatively isolated were Staphylococcus aureus, E. coli, Pseudomonas, Enterobacter, Corynebacterium, Bacillus, Micrococcus, Proteus, Salmonella, Shigella species.  Based on the density and isolates the water is unfit for human consumption. Hence it can be suggested that the water from River nun at Amassoma section is not potable based on bacteriological quality except when treated using suitable treatment technology such as chlorination and boiling.

Keywords: Amassoma, Microorganisms, River Nun, Water quality.

 

 

Reference

[1]        E.C. Agedah, E.R. Ineyougha, S.C. Izah, L.A. Orutugu, Enumeration of total heterotrophic bacteria and some physico-chemical characteristics of surface water used for drinking sources in Wilberforce Island, Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques, 2015, 3(1), 28 – 34.

[2]          S.C. Izah, N. Chakrabarty, A.L. Srivastav, A Review on Heavy Metal Concentration in Potable Water Sources in Nigeria: Human Health Effects and Mitigating Measures. Exposure and Health, 2016,  8, 285–304.

 [3]         S.C. Izah, E.R. Ineyougha, A review of the microbial quality of potable water sources in Nigeria. Journal of Advances in Biological and Basic Research,2015,  1(1),. 12 – 19.

 [4]         S.C. Izah, A.L. Srivastav, Level of arsenic in potable water sources in Nigeria and their potential health impacts: A review. Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques, 2015, 3(1), 15 – 24.

 [5]         E.N. Ogamba, S.C. Izah, T. Oribu, Water quality and proximate analysis of Eichhornia crassipes from River Nun, Amassoma Axis, Nigeria. Research Journal of Phytomedicine, 2015, 1(1), 43 – 48.

 [6]         E.N. Ogamba, E.I. Seiyaboh, S.C. Izah, I. Ogbugo, F.K. Demedongha, Water quality, phytochemistry and proximate constituents of Eichhornia crassipes from Kolo creek, Niger Delta, Nigeria. International Journal of Applied Research and Technology, 2015, 4(9),  77 – 84.

 [7]         E.N. Ogamba, S.C. Izah, B.P. Toikumo, Water quality and levels of lead and mercury in Eichhornia crassipes from a tidal creek receiving abattoir effluent, in the Niger Delta, Nigeria. Continental Journal of Environmental Science, 2015, 9(1), 13 – 25.

 [8]         O. Eleyowo, O.D. Amusa, U.U. Akpan. Prevalent Microbes in Domestic Waters of Iwochang Community, Akwa Ibom, Nigeria. Academic Journal of Life Sciences, 2016, 2(4),23-28.

[9]          T.S.K. Tya, A.B. Umaru, B.R. Barmamu. Bacteriological Analysis Of Hand-Dug Well Water In Demsa Local Government Area, Nigeria. International Refereed Journal of Engineering and Science, 2012, 1(4), 28 – 31.

[10]        L.T. Kigigha, D.G. Baraseibai. Bacteriological quality assessment of well water from Amassoma, Bayelsa state, Nigeria. ASIO Journal of Microbiology, Food Science and Biotechnological Innovations, 2017, 3(1), 9 -16.

[11]        S.C. Izah, T.C.N. Angaye. Ecology of Human Schistosomiasis intermediate host and Plant Molluscicides used for control: A review. Sky Journal of Biochemistry Research, 2016, 5(6), 075- 082

[12]        S.C. Izah, T.C.N. Angaye. Heavy metal concentration in fishes from surface water in Nigeria: Potential sources of pollutants and mitigation measures. Sky Journal of Biochemistry Research, 2016, 5(4), 31-47.

[13]        E.N. Ogamba, N. Ebere N. Assessment of Physicochemical quality of sediment from Kolo creek, Niger Delta. Greener Journal of Biological Sciences, 2017, 7 (2), 020-024.

[14]        E.I. Seiyaboh, S.C. Izah, S. Oweibi, Assessment of Water quality from Sagbama Creek, Niger Delta, Nigeria. Biotechnological Research, 2017, 3(1), 20-24.

[15]        E.I. Seiyaboh, S.C. Izah, S. Oweibi, Physico-chemical Characteristics of Sediment from Sagbama Creek, Nigeria. Biotechnological Research, 2017, 3(1), 25-28.

[16]        L.W.A. Izonfuo, A.P. Bariweni,  The effect of urban runoff water and human activities on some physico-chemical parameters of the Epie Creek in the Niger Delta. Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management, 2001, 5(1), 47-55.

[17]        E.I. Seiyaboh, I.R. Inyang, S.C. Izah, Spatial Variation in Physico-chemical Characteristics of Sediment from Epie Creek, Bayelsa State, Nigeria. Greener Journal of Environment Management and Public Safety, 2016, 5(5), 100 – 105.

[18]        E.I. Seiyaboh, I.R. Inyang, S.C. Izah, Seasonal Variation of Physico-Chemical Quality of Sediment from Ikoli Creek, Niger Delta. International Journal of Innovative Environmental Studies Research, 2016. 4(4), 29-34.

[19]        O.E. Olabisi, A.J. Awonusi, O.J. Adebayo, Assessment of bacteria pollution of shallow well water in Abeokuta, Southwestern Nigeria. Life Science Journal, 2008, 5(1), 68 – 72,

[20]        P.I. Agi, A. Ebenezer,  Observations on Filarial Infection in Amassoma Community in the Niger Delta, Nigeria. J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage., 2009, 13(1), 15 – 19.

[21]        E.N. Ogamba, S.C. Izah, A.S. Ofoni-Ofoni, Bioaccumulation of Chromium, Lead and Cadmium in the bones and tissues of Oreochromis niloticus and Clarias camerunensis from Ikoli creek, Niger Delta, Nigeria. Advanced Science Journal of Zoology, 2016, 1(1): 13 – 16.

[22]        E.N. Ogamba, S.C. Izah, F. Isimayemiema, Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in the gill and liver of a common Niger Delta wetland fish, Clarias garepinus. British Journal of Applied Research, 2016, 1(1), 17 – 20.

[23]        E.N. Ogamba, N. Ebere, S.C. Izah, Heavy metal concentration in water, sediment and tissues of Eichhornia crassipes from Kolo creek, Niger Delta. Greener Journal of Environmental Management and Public Safety, 2017, 6 (1): 001-005.

[24]        E.I. Seiyaboh, G.A. Harry, S.C. Izah, Length-Weight Relationship and Condition Factor of Five Fish Species from River Brass, Niger Delta. Biotechnological Research, 2016, 2(4), 187-192.

[25]        E.I. Seiyaboh, S.C. Izah, A.H. Gijo, Length-Weight Relationship and Condition Factor of some Important Fish Species from Sangana River, Niger Delta. International Journal of Innovative Agriculture an Biology Research, 2016, 4(4), 37-44.

[26]        I.L. Pepper, C.P. Gerba, Environmental microbiology. A laboratory manual. Second edition. Elsevier academic press, ISBN: 0-12-550656-2, 2005, 209pp.

[27]        H.J. Benson, Microbiological Applications: Laboratory Manual in General Microbiology. Complete version, 5th edition. McGraw-Hill, New York, ISBN: 0-07-231888-0, 2002, 478pp.

[28]        F.C. Akubuenyi, E.C. Uttah, K.H. Enyi-Idoh, Microbiological and physicochemical assessment of major sources of water for domestic uses in Calabar Metropolis Cross River state, Nigeria. Transnational Journal of Science and Technology, 2013, 3(2), 31 – 44.

 [29]    M. Cheesbrough, District Laboratory Practice in Tropical Countries. Low price Edition part 2. Cambridge press, England, 2006, 434pp.

[30]        J.G. Holt, N.R. Kneg, P.H.A. Sneath, J.T. Stanley, S.T. Williams, Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology. William and Wilkins Publisher, Maryland. New York, 1994.

 [31]       N.N. Odu, A.O. Adeniji, Microbiological analysis of some packed fruit juices sold in Port Harcourt Metropolis, Nigeria. Nature and Science, 2013, 11(4), 30 –40.

[32]        S.C. Izah, E.R. Aseiba, L.A. Orutugu, Microbial quality of polythene packaged sliced fruits sold in major markets of Yenagoa Metropolis, Nigeria. Point Journal of Botany and Microbiology Research, 2015, 1(3), 30 – 36.

[33]        J.J. Sunday, N.C.O. Spencer, O. Kingsley, A.O. Edet, D.D. Amaka, Physico-chemical and microbiological properties of water samples used for domestic purposes in Okada town, Edo state, Nigeria. International Journal of Current Microbiology Applied Science, 2014, 3(6), 886-894.

 [34]       S.O. Eze, I.C. Madumere, Physicochemical and microbiological analysis of Water bodies in Uturu, Abia state-Nigeria. Asian Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences, 2012, 1(4), 58 – 65.

 [35]       A. Oludare, S. Sikiru, Microbiological, physicochemical and mineral quality of borehole water in Ijebu land, Ogun state, Nigeria. International Journal of Science and Advanced Technology, 2012, 2(1), 23 – 30.

 [36]       T.C.N. Angaye, S.C. Izah, M.E. Cosboy, B. Yougha,. Microbial density of Groundwater in Kolokuma/Opokuma Local Government Area of Bayelsa State, Nigeria. FUNAI Journal of Science and Technology, 2015, 1(1),1 -9.

[37]        Standard organization of Nigeria (SON), Nigerian Standard for Drinking Water Quality. Nigerian industrial standard, Nigeria. 2007.  https://www.unicef.org/nigeria/ng_publications_Nigerian_Standard_for_Drinking_Water_Quality.pdf.

[38]        T.C.N. Angaye, C.E. Mieyepa, Assessment of Elemental and Microbial Quality of Lake Efi In Bayelsa State, Central Niger Delta, Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques, 2015, 3(2), 71 - 75.

 [39]       S.P. Antai, A.A. Unimke, R.B. Agbor,  Assessment of the Heterotrophic and Crude Oil Utilizing Microorganisms of Imo River Estuary of the Niger Delta Mangrove Ecosystem. American International Journal of Biology, 2014, 2(1), 29-42.

[40]        Y.T. Puyate, A. Rim-Rukeh, Some physico-chemical and biological characteristics of soil and water samples of part of the Niger Delta area, Nigeria. Journal of Applied Science and Environmental Management, 2008, 12(2), 135 – 141.

[41]        A.A. Ibiene, E.V. Agbeyi, I.O. Okonko, Bacteriological Assessment of Drinking Water Sources In Opuraja Community of Delta State, Nigeria. Nature and Science, 2012, 10(1), 36-41.

[42]        L.L. Nwidu, B. Oveh, T. Okoriye, N.A. Vaikosen, Assessment of the water quality and prevalence of water borne diseases in Amassoma, Niger Delta, Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology, 2008, 7 (17), 2993 - 2997.